Archaeologists believe that the numerous female figurines excavated in Israel are representations of the fertility goddess, Ashera, and that she was God’s wife. Unfortunately, bible scholars are hostile to this theory as it overturns the idea that the Israelites were monotheistic right from the beginning of God’s call to Abraham. William Dever’s book, Did God Have A Wife? is a great, readable overview of the topic. Sadly, I’ve had to put references to this debate into the footnotes of The Woman Who Named God, as Ashera does not really pertain to the story and ideas of my book, but the theory’s intriguing. What interests me is how our ideas about the past usually say more about us than about the actual history of the period. Monotheism and the role of women in the early days of the Israelites are complicated subjects. We do not fully understood what the people of the ancient world believed about the divine or about women, in general. Instead, we have inherited centuries of traditions that color our view of the Bible and the world of the Bible. Dever talking about his findings on Nova.